عنوان مقاله [English]
Aboo Hamid Imam Mohammad Ghazali Toosi is one of the Greatest men of Mysticism in the 5Th Hijri century. In this article we have investigated a number of Ghazali’s views on fertility and related issues. Applying a documentary analysis method, Ghazali’s “Ehya –e- Oloom –e- din” (“Revival of Sciences of Religion”) has been reviewed. The results show his attention and emphasis on fertility and marriage either directly or indirectly. Ghazali has expressed the necessity of family formation and marriage. According to Ghazali, the most important objective of constructing family is reproduction or survival of human kind. He also makes known other consequences and benefits of marriage. In his view, other benefits of marriage are having children, overcoming sexual desire, home management, expanding relatives and making effort to protect women rights. Ghazali has also introduced ‘Azl’ or ‘withdrawal’ as the traditional contraceptive method.