عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Islamic state (government), an important concept in modern world and especially its political literature, has been established after the death of the Islam's prophet under the name of "Caliphate" or "Imamate" as an ideological, political, social and economic structure. Although The first Islamic state was built by the Islam's prophet in Medina, but after his death, the path that his successors chose, especially Shiites and Sunnis, had obvious differences, the differences that has been yet continuing and has created much crisis in the Middle East and around the world (especially after collapse of the Ottoman Empire). This article tries to analyses the social and ideological contexts of the emergence of contemporary Islamic movements in the Middle East and Islamic world for the first time and after that will have a comparative study of characteristics of Islamic state from the perspectives of Sayyid Qutb (1906-1966) and Imam Khomeini (1902-1989) in three major areas: "cultural-ideological", "political" and "socio-economics". this article tries to find intellectual similarities between the two thinkers and finally will offer other comparative/approximate studies in this or other related fields.